Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on October 2, 1904 in Varanasi, Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh. He was the second Prime Minister of Independent India and the leader of the Indian National Congress Party. He chanted “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” which means “Salute to the soldiers, greetings to the farmers”.
Lal Bahadur Shastri studied at Mughalsarai and East Central Railway Inter College at Varanasi. He graduated from Kashi University in 1962. As part of the university’s degree award, he was awarded the title of “Shastri”. But the medal went to him. The Shastris were greatly influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and Tilak.
In 1928, he married Lalita Devi. He became a life member of the Service of the People Society (Lok Sevak Mandal) founded by Lala Lajpat Rai. There he started working for the upliftment of the backward classes and later he became the president of that society.
Shastri who joined the Indian independence movement in the 1920s and took part in the non-cooperation movement. The British sent him to prison for some time.
He also took part in the Salt Satyagraha in 1930, for which he was imprisoned for more than two years. In 1937, he passed away. Joined as the Organizing Secretary of the Parliamentary Board of. After Mahatma Gandhi’s Quit India speech in Mumbai in 1942, he was sent back to prison. He was in prison until 1946. Shastri had spent a total of nine years in jail. He used prison life by reading books and getting acquainted with the work of Western philosophers, revolutionaries and social reformers.
- After independence, Lal Bahadur Shastri U.P. Became Parliamentary Secretary. In 1947 he also became Minister of Police and Transport. For the first time as Transport Minister, she appointed a female conductor. As the minister in charge of the police department, he ordered the police to use water jets, not sticks, to disperse the angry crowd.
- In 1951, Shastri was appointed General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee, and he succeeded in carrying out election-related publicity and other work. In 1952, he joined U.P. Was elected to the Rajya Sabha. As Railway Minister, he installed the first machine at the Integral Coach Factory in Chennai in 1955.
- In 1957, Shastri again became the Minister of Transport and Communications and later the Minister of Commerce and Industry. In 1961, he was appointed Home Minister and appointed the Anti-Corruption Committee. He devised a “scientific formula” involving language movements in Assam and Punjab.
- In June 1964, Lal Bahadur Shastri became the Prime Minister of India. He promoted the White Revolution, a national campaign to increase milk production. He promoted the Green Revolution, to increase food production in India.
- Although Shastri continued Nehru’s policy of non-alignment, he also forged ties with the Soviet Union. In 1964, he signed an agreement with the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, Sirimavo Bandaranaike, on the status of the Indian Tamil people in Ceylon. This agreement is known as the Shrimavo-Shastri Agreement.
- In 1965, Shastri officially visited Rangoon, Burma, and the general re-established ties with Win’s military government. During his tenure, India faced renewed aggression from Pakistan in 1965. He gave the security forces the freedom to respond, saying “the army will meet the force” and gaining popularity. The Indo-Pak war ended on September 2, 1965. On January 10, 1966, Russian Prime Minister Kozulin offered to mediate between Lal Bahadur Shastri and his Pakistani counterpart Ayub Khan to sign the Tashkent Declaration.
Lal Bahadur Shastri died of a heart attack on January 11, 1966. In 1966, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna.
Many of Shastri’s supporters and close relatives refused at the time, and later, believing in the circumstances of his death, the conspiracy theory was revealed within hours of his death.
After Shastri’s death, his wife Lalita Shastri had accused him of doing so. M. L. The epic book Lalita K Ansu written by Verma was published in Hindi. In this book, the tragic story of Shastri’s death is narrated by his wife Lalita Shastri.
Lal Bahadur Shastri was known as a man of great integrity and hard work. He was humble, tolerant with the inner strength to understand the language of the common man. He was deeply influenced by the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi and was a visionary man who led the country to progress.